Download A Fool's Paradise? Ethnicity, Military and Prospects for by Findley Penn-Hughes PDF

By Findley Penn-Hughes

Bachelor Thesis from the 12 months 2013 within the topic Politics - overseas Politics - quarter: a ways East, grade: sixty eight, Durham collage (School of presidency & overseas Affairs), path: Politics, language: English, summary: nation and army energy were officially fused in Myanmar because the army coup of 1962. Colonial and pre-colonial reports ahead of this had ensured the production of a countrywide narrative that emphasized cohesion and the survival of the regime principally else. This resulted in the sluggish infiltration of army rule within the years following independence in 1948 and eventually to the a long time of authoritarian rule and monetary mismanagement, exacerbated by way of monetary sanctions. because the remainder of the quarter begun its post-colonial transition in the direction of democracy and prosperity, brutal army crackdowns and reprisals following populist uprisings in 1988 and 2007 appeared purely to substantiate Myanmar’s resilience. Following the suppression of the 2007 rebellion, it seemed that the carry of the army junta used to be absolute.

The statement in 2008 via the ruling kingdom Peace and improvement Council (SPDC) of wide-ranging reforms as a part of the ‘roadmap to democracy’ therefore represented the best wish of democratic reform for part a century. Following the enactment of constitutional reforms and trumpeted elections in 2010, the kingdom now represents an ostensibly democratic, constitutional method. all through early 2011 the newly shaped ‘civilian’ executive published over seven hundred political prisoners, oversaw a rest of media censorship and legalised the correct to unionisation at the side of a re-emergence of competition politics.

This essay examines how the move over among the problems of 'ethnicity' in Myanmar and the perceived position of the army one of the army institution because the sole protectors of the cohesion of the Union of Myanmar act to create political stagnation within the nation. by means of accomplishing the political procedure on their phrases, the army is making sure that competition politics is robbed of the political house with which to handle the ethnic nationalities head on. The NLD is now the single crew that has the cultural and political capability to do that. In its non-stop failure to take action it could actually but plunge Myanmar right into a interval of political instability as soon as again.

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